Good governance

Rwanda Policies related to Good Governance

The Vision

Good governance defines the processes and structures that guide political and socio-economic relations. It therefore includes the government , the private sector, and civil society activities. All three(state, private sector, and civil society) are critical for sustaining development. The state creates a conducive political and legal environment. The private sector generates jobs, income and wealth,. While Civil society contributes to political, social and economic development. The universally accepted principles of good governance include among others:
- The separation of powers, (Judicial, Executive and legislative);
- Rule of law;
- Participation in decision-making;
- A dedicated leadership;
- Transparency;
- Efficiency and effectiveness;
- Equity or fairness;
- A long term vision;
- Accountability; and
- An Enlightened population

National Framework Paper on Good Governance, Rwanda, 2002

Rwanda Governance Review

Southern Province activities related to Good Governance

The Southern Province sets itself one major goal" Dukorane umurava, dutere imbere ". To achieve that objective, priority was given to the following actions:

Within the framework of Good Governance

  • To give a predominant role to the population in the decision-making process of matters that directly concern them through decentralization and putting adequate means at their disposal;
  • To allow the population to have a say during the selecting process of their authorities and to monitor closely the way these authorities fulfill their duties and manage their patrimony;
  • To mobilize the population so that they could play a role in the resolution of their problems before it is too late.
  • To set up an association of people involved in the development of Southern Province so as to avoid dissipating energies or concentrating them on the same place while there are other places which still need developing. These associations have also been set up at district level.

As the main activity of the province is the coordination, you may find in official Gazette of the Republic of Rwanda No 08/2006 of 24/02/2006 of February 24th 2006 that the Governor of the Province play a major role in different activities of Districts in its Province.

Some activities :

  1. The Governor of the Province supervises the functioning of the organs of the District in accordance with powers he or she is given by law.
  2. The Governor of the Province supervises the functioning of the District: and advises the District in matters related to its responsibility.
  3. The Governor of the Province submits an evaluation report of the District to the Minister in charge of Local government, with a copy to the District Council.

The role of Governor in District Council of Districts

  • The report of the meeting of the District Council are forwarded to the Governor of the Province within seven (7) working days following the date of its adoption who in turn issues an acknowledgment of receipt and reserves a copy to the Mayor of the District.The decisions of the meeting of the District Council shall be communicated to the Governor of the Province within (7) seven working days following their adoption to which he or she gives views in seven (7) days and the Minister in charge of Local Government and a copy reserved to the Mayor of the District. If the Governor does not give any opinion within seven (7) working days following the day of issuance of receipt of acknowledgment, the Executive Committee of the District shall implement the decisions taken by the District Council.
  • In case of absence of members of the Executive Committee of District, the Governor of the Province shall convene a meeting of the District Council in order to elect among itself the Chairperson of the District Executive Committee in a period not exceeding ninety (90 days).
  • The Governor of the Province is entitled to attend the meetings of District Councils of the Districts that the Province of which he or she is the head if there is a point on the agenda he or she feels he or she give views. He or she informs in writing the Chairman of the meeting at least two (2) days before the meeting is held. In case of failure to turn up, he or she designates a representative.