The Southern Province is in the South of Rwanda and has a common border with:
To the North: Kigali City,
To the East: The Eastern Province
To the West: The Western Province
To the South: Burundi.
The Southern Province has an area of over 5701 km ² and a population of more than two million, fifty eight thousand, six hundred and seventy four ( 2,659,332 ).
The Southern Province is at an altitude of 1500 m to 2800 m. The temperature varies between11°C and 28°C. The major part of the Southern Province is made up of forests which occupy an area of more than 404 km ².
The Southern Province was created by the law No. 29/2005 of 31/12/2005 establishing the administrative organs of the country. It was the result of the fusion of the former provinces of Gitarama, Butare and Gikongoro. It consists of eight (8) districts which are:
Gisagara, Huye, Kamonyi, Muhanga, Nyamagabe,
Nyanza, Nyaruguru and Ruhango. It is also composed of one hundred and one 101 sectors, 532 cells and 3502 quarters.
The mission of the Province is of:
Coordinating activities in connection with economic planning of Districts;
Following up implementation of national policies in districts which make up the country;
Closely monitoring activities related to the security of property and persons.